Keep Your Cargo Safe With Container Shipping
February 09, 2018
Those useful tools used to safely ship cargo by sea, train or land called containers are more important than you think. Containers keep our goods organized and safe and since it was created, back in 1950, the costs to ship cargo has dropped more than 90%, as well as, they became a huge part of increasing global trade.
A container is a metallic large box that carries goods to other places, most likely by ocean freight. Its versatile design and its various presentation make it the perfect cargo transportation method in the market.
A Brief History About Shipping Containers
As every invention's story is interesting, there is no doubt that shipping containers history is going to be as pleasant as the others.
Before the Industrial Revolution, they had the same need of transporting goods, such as food, cotton, treasure and clothing, but how could they do it when there wasn't any storage that ensured the packages' safety on the boats? They clearly shipped them, but without any standardization or organization, it was a slow and difficult process.
It could take weeks and months for goods to be shipped, as they were stored at a port warehouse until a vessel was accessible. When an empty boat finally arrived at the port, these on hold goods were used to be put into the ship inside sacks, bales, crates and barrels depending on what material they were made of. This was an exhaustive, long process for workers and it was known as break bulk cargo. In this process a typical boat would have about 200,000 pieces of cargo on-board.
After years and years of lack of standardization, this started becoming a real issue, especially considering how prevalent trains had now become. Transferring cargo from ships to trains was extremely slow and caused significant delays and blockages within many ports. Fortunately, a man called Malcom McLean came to the rescue.
Malcom McLean was a 'farm boy' born in 1914 and he grew up in North Carolina. After finishing school in 1931, he worked for many years to save enough money to buy a second-hand truck, and in 1934 he launched his transport business. McLean soon scaled up and created a successful small transport business in where he had several trucks working for him.
The years went by and he became bigger in the transport industry. Around 1957, he started to think about a more versatile way to transport cargo not only by land but by sea. He thought about a design that could move goods in an easier and faster way. And believing in his ideas, sold his trucking business and in 1955, taking a bank loan for $42million. He used $7 million of this loan to purchase an already established shipping company.
McLean then started to test container prototypes and finally created a primitive form of what we know today as the shipping container. It was strong, standardized, stackable, easy to load/unload and lockable.
Containers in Present Day
Nowadays, these containers made by Malcolm are a big part in the successful and safe freight shipping process. We see them in ships, trains and trucks and we love them because they keep our packages safe from damages, loss or theft. Who would imagine that a simple metallic box could be so helpful, right?
Well, that's not all! Containers these days come in different presentations, this in order to have a better preservation and protection of any type of cargo they will transport, even if is food, clothing or construction materials, there is the adequate container for each of them, so if you are thinking of using containers for freight shipping, you should know first what your options are.
Types of Containers
As it was mentioned before, containers have evolved over the years, so now there are various types from which you can choose, of course, according of what kind of goods you are trying to send. Hereunder, we explain every type of container in the market:
- Dry Van or Dry Container
Dry containers come in these sizes: 20 ', 40' or 40 'High Cube. (High Cube category facilitates a 13% increase in international public capacity and is used for heaviest loads like coal, tobacco, etc.)
They are the standard containers and the most used ones in the market. They have a basic construction, metallic, hermetically sealed and without cooling or ventilation. They are the best option for freight shipping any type of dry cargo: pallets, boxes, bags, machines, furniture, etc.
- Reefer or Refrigerated Container
There are models of 20 and 40 feet, in addition to the High Cube and has a possibility to lower temperature from -18 ° to 30 °.
In freight shipping, reefer containers provide a temperature-controlled environment, so they are especially recommended for transporting food or products that need a low storage temperature. They have a power supply that connects to energy sources during transport, allowing the products to be transported at a constant temperature throughout the journey.
- Open Top
They have the same measures as the previous ones, the difference is that open top containers are exposed at the top, as they have a removable canvas roof. The merchandise can exceed the top but, in that case, supplements are paid depending on how much cargo there is in the container. These containers facilitate freight shipping the transport of bulky loads.
- Flat Rack
This type of container is similar to the Open Top, but it is also lack of side walls and even, in some cases, front and rear walls. They are used for atypical loads and pay supplements in the same way as Open Top.
- Open Side
Open side containers measure as standard containers, 20 or 40 feet.
The difference between the standard container and an open side container is that only has a side opening. This allows to transport very long merchandise whose dimensions prevent it from being loaded by the back door.
- Tank or Tank Container
They have the same dimensions as a Dry Van, but their structure is different, as they include a polyethylene tank inside.
Used for transporting liquids, from dangerous as toxic, corrosive, highly combustible chemicals, as well as oils, milk, beers, wine, mineral water, etc.
As you could see, there are different formats of containers, which are adapted to the needs of the transport of goods you require. In this manner, after seeing all these types of containers, you would like to decide and choose the perfect one for your kind of cargo to keep it safe to its final destination.
But not only is about choosing the container, it is about selecting the best freight shipping company, that ensures the container's safety from the beginning to the destination port and cares about having all the legal procedures and documentation in order, for your shipping process.
When Can I Find the Perfect Freight Shipping Company?
You've entered to the right website! CA CARGO INC is an international freight shipping company with 16 years of experience and the best staff who is specialized in cargo services, such as transportation, repackaging, storage, and customs clearance.
We have secure containers and we guarantee they are the ideal solution for storing your cargo, no matter what type it might be.
Unlike other freight shipping companies, we offer a wide variety of containers, from dry storage, to temperature-controlled storage and refrigerated units for perishable goods. Our units are equipped with surveillance and machinery for guaranteed protection and secure packing of cargo.
Also, if you are looking for an international freight shipping company that helps get your cargo safe to its destination with the right containers, CA CARGO INC is your best option. For more information about our services or to request a quote, contact our specialists by filling out our contact
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